I've no problem with justifying how York would've used a 1903 Springfield the day that he captured the Germans. But then, I'm no expert who knows better. I've corresponded however, with a man who is a shooting club buddy with a retired colonel in the Army who might have an answer. This colonel recently wrote a letter to The American Rifleman magazine about some information that he was given by his father, who was a Army unit member and personal friend of Alvin York. This man was on light duty and had been taken off combat duty for a spell until he fully recovered from what was ailing him whatever that was. I can't remember now. Anyway, he still had possession of his rifle and kit. One day, The father told his son that Alvin York was visiting with him one particular day just before Alvin and the rest of the men were going back into combat. York asked the man if he could take the man's rifle with him instead of his own rifle. The man said sure and York took possession of the rifle and as fortune would have it, performed his heroic deeds immediately afterwards. The man told his son that he didn't know whether or not his rifle was the particular one that York used that day, but he said he was pretty sure it was. I don't know if York ever returned the man's rifle to him or not. I guess that I could find out. Anyway, the rest of the story is this. The rifle york borrowed was one of several Model 1903 Springfield rifles that were stacked up behind a mess tent. They were noticed by one of the men in York's unit who grabbed an entire stack of them, consisting of at least three and probably more, and then hurried back to his own unit. Several of the men took possession of these and used them. I don't know if they got rid of their own rifles or just kept them too. Who this other unit was who had stacked their arms behind the mess tent I don't know. I'm not any kind of an expert on absolutely which units were in the area at that time. I'll bet that the only persons who absolutely ARE or WERE are all dead now. I think that anyone who says that they have all of the detailed information is biting off a big chunk and I just can't take their word as gospel. Nothing personal, but I know better than that. So, having been initially an enlisted man and later a combat arms officer in the U.S. Army, I know what I've seen and experienced concerning troops having access to and using weapons that they aren't supposed to officially have. I think that I'll have to go with what the Colonels father told him he knew about the incident.